Though Champaner became capital of the sultanate in 1484, Ahmedabad was still greater, very rich and well supplied with many orchards and gardens, walled, and embellished with good streets, squares, and houses. Rich in the produce of every part of the globe, its painters, carvers, in layers, and workers in silver gold and iron, were famous, its mint was one of four allowed to coin gold, and from its Imperial workshops came masterpieces in cotton, silk, velvet and brocade with astonishing figures and patterns, knots and fashions. It started off as an argument over a 20% hike in hostel food bill in the L.D. [8], Social institutions to safeguard various economic interests included the mahajans, guilds of merchants, and panches, guilds for artisans. He declared himself independent in 1407 and founded the Gujarat Sultanate.[2]. The Ashaval blog is all about Ahmedabad city, showcase a curated information which tells you anything and everything about Ahmedabad. Following Siege of Diu in 1538, the Portuguese secured the greater part of the profits that formerly enriched the merchants of Ahmedabad. The latter was later called Harijan Ashram or Sabarmati Ashram. By 1960, Ahmedabad had become a metropolis with a population of slightly under half a million people, with classical and colonial European-style buildings lining the city's thoroughfares. [6] So the second fortification was carried out by Mahmud Begada in 1486, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, with an outer wall 10 km (6.2 mi) in circumference and consisting of 12 gates, 189 bastions and over 6,000 battlements as described in Mirat-i-Ahmadi. In 1583 Muzaffar Shah III, the last ruler of Gujarat sultanate, recaptured Ahmedabad and spoiled it of gold, jewels, and fine cloth. The BCCI is looking to add add a maximum of two new franchises to IPL. In the same year (1730) Mubariz-ul-Mulk the Viceroy, superseded by the king Abhai Singh of Jodhpur, refused to give up the city and outside of the walls fought a most closely contested battle. This arrangement, renewed for ten years in 1804, continued in force till 1814. The earliest settlement can be recorded around the 12th century under Chaulukya dynasty rule. The estimated population of Ahmedabad in 2016 is over 7 million people in the city and approximately 8 … At this time (1798–1800) Aba Salukar, tho Peshwa's Governor, indebted and oppressive, ill-used the people, and embezzled the Gaekwad's revenues. its craftsmen as famous for their work in steel, gold, ivory, enamel, mother of pearl, paper, lac, bone, silk, and cotton, and its merchants as dealing in sugar-candy, cumin, honey, lac, opium, cotton, borax, dry and preserved ginger and other sweets, myrobalans, saltpetre and sal ammoniac, diamonds from Bijapur, ambergris, and musk. It is located in western India on the banks of the River Sabarmati. Next year (1715) in the city the riots were renewed, shops were plundered and much mischief done, and outside (1716), the Kolis and Kathis grew so bold and presumptuous as to put a stop to trade. Many suburbs of the city were deserted and many mansions lay in ruins. Then the 1790 famine caused fresh distress, and a few years later only a quarter of the space within the walls was inhabited. According to data, put up by the AMC on its Twitter handle on Friday, there were 405 AMC quota beds and 241 private quota beds available at Covid-designated hospitals in Ahmedabad city… During his reign, Gujarat was under pressure from the expanding Mughal Empire under emperors Babur (died 1530) and Humayun (1530–1540), and from the Portuguese, who were establishing fortified settlements on the Gujarat coast to expand their power in India from their base in Goa. He and many followers marched from his ashram to the coastal village of Dandi, Gujarat, to protest against the British imposing a tax on salt. Some people find it inappropriate while some are supporting this activity. — Aga Kausar Husain (@agakausar) November 20, 2018, RJ Dhvanit conducted a poll on #Ahmedabad name change. The railway connecting Ahmedabad with Bombay was opened in 1864. Jahangir stayed in the city for nine months but was unimpressed by its environment calling it Gardabad, the city of dust. Aurangzeb ascended the throne at Delhi 1658. The Ahmedabad Divisional Council had working committees for education, roads, and residential development and planning. The city further suffered following joint Maratha rule. probably a part of city can be named as karnavati, as historically parts of present Ahmedabad were called karnavati, Ahmedshash established what is called the old town which became epicenter of the city with passage of time. In 1664, the revenue concessions were offered to Europeans and Tavernier came to the city. The armies clashed on 22 January 1584 at Sarkhej, after a hard-fought battle, routed Muzzafar's army and forced him to flee to Kathiawar. Military help was called in and by ten next morning the fire was got under, but not until ninety-four houses had been burned and property worth £60,000 (Rs. The excessive greed of the Marathas as sole rulers of Ahmedabad caused great discontent. To know more about the origin & history of Ahmedabad, read on… Origin of Name Respected Chief Minister of Gujarat Mr. Vijay Rupani, Deputy Chief Minister Mr. Nitin Patel and other elected representatives of the legislative assembly of the state of Gujarat. A search over Gujarat yielded two, the saint was the third, and the king the fourth. In 1709 an order came from the new Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah I (1707–1712), that in the public prayers, among the attributes of the Khalif Ali, the Shia epithet wasi or heir should be introduced. In 1554 the partition of Gujarat among the nobles, leaving to the nominal king Ahmad Shah II (1554–1561), only the city and neighbourhood of Ahmedabad further affected the city. Vibrant Gujarat 2019: Everything you need to know about it, Mittal Patel: The Messiah for Nomadic and Denotified Tribes, Best Places for Pre-Wedding Photoshoot in Ahmedabad, Sambar Cafe – a place to relish authentic South Indian food, Meet the Top Bridal Makeup Artists in Ahmedabad, 9 Best Places for Vegan Food in Ahmedabad, Kankaria Carnival 2019: A New Year Festival, Top Garba and Dandiya songs with Lyrics for Navratri 2020, Compiled List of Micro Containment Zones in Ahmedabad, A Home Away From Home: List of Quarantine Service Provider in Ahmedabad. Do you know? For the poor and destitute soup kitchens, langar-khanas, were established. There is permanent prohibition in Ahmedabad following Gandhian principles, although in the last few years exceptions have been made, officially. When the Sultanate was weakened by the sacking of Delhi by Timur in 1398, and Zafar Khan took the opportunity to establish himself as sultan of an independent Gujarat. Following arrival of Mahatma Gandhi in 1915, the city became centre stage of Indian independence movement. covid-19 ahmedabad city As per COVID-19 Bulletin updated on 04/01/2021 at 11:00 AM 54173 After the Second Anglo-Maratha War, the British East India Company had gained considerable political power and territories. Maganbhai Karamchand, a Jain businessman, and Harkor Shethani, a Jain widow. Acknowledging their claims for some years, Jawan, in 1750, when Damaji Gaekwad was in the Deccan, again drove the Marathas out of the city. The city served as political as well as economical capital of the region since its establishment. The merchant class tended to support the British, thinking the rule provided more security than under the Marathas, lower taxes (including lower octroi), and more property rights. For more than a year the siege lasted, Momin Khan and his minister Shambhuram a Nagar Brahman, driving back all assaults, and at times dashing out in the most brilliant and destructive sallies. During this contest Ahmedabad was pillaged by the Marathas, the city more than once taken and retaken, and even when the Viceroy's power was established in name, he was practically besieged in the city by the crowds of Maratha horse who ravaged the country up to the gates. No religious touch, no nationalism touch. After the death of Qutbuddin Ahmad Shah II in 1458, the nobles raised his uncle Daud Khan to the throne. Meanwhile, the cunning and greed of the Marathas caused unceasing trouble and disorder. The city again progressed when politically stabilized when British East India Company established the rule in the city (1818–1857). [10] In the early years of the seventeenth century Ahmedabad increased in size. In the 11th century around 1150 King Karnadev made the city his capital and named it Karnavati. [24], From 1857 to 1865, it was a time of great prosperity. Pretty much the area surrounding these gates have adopted the name of the gate as the name of the locality. Kadvasan. In the disorders that followed his death, the power of the Gujarat Sultans waned, their revenues fell, and the capital, its trade crippled by Portuguese competition, was impoverished and harassed by the constant quarrels of unruly nobles. There are also people who consider that the name should be changed to. [30] The following year, a three-day period of violence between Hindus and Muslims in the western Indian state of Gujarat, known as the 2002 Gujarat violence, spread to Ahmedabad; refugee camps were set up around the city and economy was affected. [12] Shortly after (1626), the English traveller Sir Thomas Herbert describes Ahmedabad as "the megapolis of Gujarat, circled by a strong wall with many large and comely streets, shops full of aromatic gums, perfumes and spices, silks, cottons, calicoes and choice Indian and China rarities, owned and sold by the abstemious Banians who here surpass for number the other inhabitants." [32] Militant group Harkat-ul-Jihad claimed responsibility for the attacks. Shutting the gates Jawan succeeded in keeping the Marathas at bay. For short period of 1535, Mughal emperor Humayun conquered Gujarat and appointed his brother Aaskari, the governor of Ahmedabad. Do you know? This order caused great discontent among the Ahmedabad Sunnis. [14], During Mughal rule, with the rise of Surat as a rival commercial center, Ahmedabad lost some of its lustre, but it remained the chief city of Gujarat. Ahmedabad is the largest city in the state of Gujarat. In 1636, Azam Khan started construction of Azam Khan Sarai in Bhadra. Ahmedabad is also the cultural and economical centre of Gujarat and the seventh largest city of India. [31] Sabarmati Riverfront project started in 2004. [26] Ahmedabad's economic base became more diverse with the establishment of heavy and chemical industry during the same period. The 2008 Ahmedabad bombings, a series of seventeen bomb blasts, killed and injured several people. When Chaulukya rule weakened in the second half of the 13th century, Vaghela dynasty rose to power in Gujarat in 1243. Ahmed Shah I, while camping on the banks of the Sabarmati river, saw a hare chasing a dog. The population rose from 80,000 in 1817 to about 88,000 in 1824. After independence, Ahmedabad became a provincial town of Bombay state. Couple , Family , Friends. [1] Zafar Khan's father Sadharan, was a Tanka Rajput convert to Islam, adopted the name Wajih-ul-Mulk, and had given his sister in marriage to Firuz Shah Tughlaq. The protests witnessed violent clashes between people belonging to various castes.[29]. [9], At the close of the sixteenth century the city was large, well formed, and remarkably healthy; most of its houses were built of brick and mortar with tiled roofs; the streets were broad, the chief of them with room enough for ten ox-carriages to drive abreast; and among its public buildings were large number of stone mosques, each with two large minarets and many wonderful inscriptions. A tribe known by the name Bhil founded a small settlement in Midwest India and named it Ashaval a corrupted form of Asha Palli — denoting Asha, a headman of Bhil tribe around the turn of the first millennium. On the arrival of the 86th Regiment in January 1858, the city was disarmed, when 25,000 arms chiefly matchlocks and swords were surrendered. Endla. In 1571, the city had twelve wards within the walls and others outside. Under the same treaty the Peshwa agreed, that this revenue from the Ahmedabad farm, should be paid by the Gaekwar to the British as part of the British claims on the Peshwa's revenues. considering it was the first name of the city. Reduced to wretchedness many merchants, traders, and artisans left the city and wandered into foreign parts. [15], During the next ten years (1720–1730), the rivalries of the Imperial nobles were the cause of much misery at Ahmedabad. But Jawan was badly off for money, and, in spite of levies on the townspeople, he could not find enough to pay his troops. Bahadur Shah repelled Siege of Diu by Portuguese in 1531 with help of Ottoman Empire and signed Treaty of Bassein. On 1 May 1960, Ahmedabad became a state capital as a result of the bifurcation of the state of Bombay into two states of Maharashtra and Gujarat following Mahagujarat Movement. Succeeding Delhi Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq halted in the town during his suppression of the Gujarat mutiny (1347). For three or four days work was at a standstill. As many as 50 multistoried buildings collapsed killing 752 people. Instead of just a few merchants introducing new industrial machinery, as elsewhere in India, in Ahmedabad the mercantile class as a whole supported the new techniques, even though hand spinners and handloom weavers, as well as female spinners in the outlying communities had their traditional operations upset as a result. 2,50,000) the city walls were repaired. Khan Khanan governed the city from 1583 to 1590. This movement caused the then chief minister of Gujarat, Chimanbhai Patel, to resign and also gave Indira Gandhi one of the excuses for imposing the Emergency on 25 June 1975. 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